Bristol Motor Speedway
Bristol Motor Speedway (0.533 miles, short track, 2x 180 °-turns) in Bristol, Tennessee
The Bristol Motor Speedway is one of the oldest and most traditional routes in the current NASCAR calendar, as in "Thunder Valley" two races per season are already held since 1961. The short track speed skating is a few miles outside of Bristol, whose main street is curiously also marks the border between Tennessee and Virginia. The Oval is located in Tennessee and was initially part built 1960-1961 with a superelevation of 22 ° and an asphalt surface. In 1969 occurred the first conversion, which gave the course a banking of 36 °, but this was often asked by teams and drivers in question. So once could only measure 26 °, the Department of Ryan Newman in a test.
In 2007, which also saw the premiere of "Car of Tomorrow", the Speedway got a complete renovation of the pavement including a variable banking between 24 ° and 30 ° donated. Five years later, there was a further change in the superelevation as the fans at the loss of the popular Bump - Run maneuver complained because yes suddenly there were two equal lanes - &. The uppermost Lane was so unceremoniously planed for late summer 2012 race. 0.533 miles is a long round in Bristol, which is about 858 meters, where the short track speed skating has the characteristic track surface concrete way since 1992. This Bristol is indeed longer than 11m Martinsville and thus not the shortest half a mile on the calendar, but the fastest, so the Speedway is also campaigning for years. The banking allows cornering speeds between 110 and 120mph, which at "full throttle" the launch of a catapult resembles the corner exit.
Two other things are also very typical of the Bristol Motor Speedway. On the one hand, there were since 1961 been a race there, which was not completely sold out, was due to the economic crisis in 2008, but unfortunately this series to an end. The seating capacity was expanded by 18,000 to 160,000 seats over the years, which one behind Indy, Texas, Daytona and Lowe's Motor Speedway has the fifth place in the Sprint Cup. Secondly, the track is placed on murderously confined space, whereby not all three national racing series can be accommodated in the infield at the race in late summer. The trucks are then already in the night from Wednesday to Thursday.
The space is so limited that the transporter Cup and Xfinity Series by the tunnel entrance drive into the infield and are lined up there according to a sophisticated system. In addition, the pit lane is divided into two, so what also no longer exists in the Sprint Cup, which results in a special scheme for pit stops. By the year 2002, less qualified team only got a place in the pit lane the back straight. Later there was a rule change, so we have the following procedure today: Under yellow both parts form a single unit, and the pit lane is located in the output of Turn 2, while the exit Turn 1 is the introduction. Thus, the course must be circled once in the boxes, so no one has an advantage or disadvantage. Green comes under the two-part scheme to fruition. You drive virtually the part of the pit lane directly in which the own Pitstall is. The input is therefore in Turn 2 or Turn 4, the output in Turn 1 or Turn. 3
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